The future of mobile operating systems

Software in a smartphone is most important. And I will probably never give up such a position and this will always be my thought. What’s the use of a good camera and high performance if the smartphone’s operating system freezes and cannot offer the user sufficient functionality? Currently, there is already a certain tendency in the market of operating systems, which in 1-2 years can greatly prove itself and become a new stage in the development of the mobile gadget market. You can read more about smartphone evolution here.

It’s worth starting with the fact that after the ban on the use of Google services in Huawei smartphones, the “Chinese giant” said that it was working on its own HarmonyOS operating system. Its feature will be a microkernel and modular architecture. This will allow you to use this operating system on smartphones, light bulbs, tablets, laptops, PCs, cars, refrigerators and other equipment. The modular architecture also allows Huawei to make the system easier on smartphones. The company said earlier that only 20% of the code from 20 million lines is used in the Android kernel. And such an amount of boilerplate, of course, is not cool.

Now we have news about some operating system from Google called Pigweed. This is probably the commercial name for “fuchsia.” According to rumors, the new Google operating system will become a kind of analogue of HarmonyOS. It can also be used in any technology and gadgets.

Microsoft also offers its users tablets on full Windows 10, creating a common ecosystem for devices in a different form factor. In the future, I do not rule out the possibility that Microsoft may introduce a smartphone on a full-fledged Windows with the ability to install familiar desktop applications. This will become possible when the company popularizes foldable phones, so that when it opens, Windows mobile mode automatically switches to desktop mode.

It would be nice if Google offered the same concept of a single system with common applications with its new operating system, because it is obvious that very soon folding phones turning into a tablet device will become the norm for the market. And large manufacturers simply need to offer a system that will offer an interface for any size of screens and hardware of any power.

In my opinion,Apple is behind in this matter today. It offers iPad OS on iPad, iOS on iPhone, and MacOS on MacBook. Such a division into 3 different operating systems in 2020 is an extremely outdated option. It would be much cooler if the company offered a single operating system for all devices with a single interface that would adapt to the screen size in real time.

From about 2021, a war of 3 companies will begin – Google, Apple and Microsoft – for influencing the market not only of mobile devices, but of everything that requires an operating system to work. A single operating system means a single ecosystem and a common user experience, and the winner in this battle will become the new leader in the gadget market. Microsoft looks more interesting in this matter now, since it offers the ability to fully launch any Windows-based applications in desktop mode. You can develop something on your tablet if you are programming, for example. This makes Microsoft automatically the winner in a future war for superiority in the field of universal operating systems. And it is surprising that Microsoft, with the release of Windows 8 in 2012, began to offer tablet mode even on desktops. Even then, the company gave users a single operating system for devices of various form factors, so Microsoft has, we could say, more experience in this matter.